20 May 2009

NRO Response to TSB ‘Questionnaire on IPv6 Address Allocation and Encouraging the Deployment of IPv6’

NRO Response to TSB ‘Questionnaire on IPv6 Address Allocation and Encouraging the Deployment of IPv6’

On 27 March 2009, the Telecommunication Standardization Bureau (TSB) issued a ‘Questionnaire on IPv6 address allocation and encouraging the deployment of IPv6’ to all Member States of the Union, to be returned by 12 June 2009.

The results of the questionnaire will then form part of the study evaluating a request by some developing countries for the TSB to become an additional registry for IP addresses. The final report will be submitted to the closed ITU Council meeting in Geneva, 20-30 October 2009.

The Asia Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC), an ITU-D sector member, has provided a public response to assist Member States with data that may help in completing the questionnaire. The Latin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry (LACNIC) has also provided data to CITEL (Inter-American Telecommunication Commission) to assist Latin American countries complete the survey.

Due to the interest expressed by many in the data, the NRO has produced this extended set of data for use by Member States and by the ITU TSB.

About the Number Resource Organization (NRO)

The NRO exists to protect the pool of unallocated Internet numbers (IP addresses and AS numbers) and serves as a coordinating mechanism for the five RIRs to act collectively on matters relating to the interests of RIRs.

http://www.nro.net

NRO invites Member States to make use of the NRO as a single point of contact for all five RIRs and to contact the NRO if they are unsure which RIR is allocating address space to networks in their economy.

nro@nro.net

About the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)

Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) are independent, not-for-profit membership organisations that support the infrastructure of the Internet through technical coordination. There are five RIRs in the world today. Currently, the Internet Assigned Numbers Association (IANA) allocates blocks of IP addresses and ASNs, known collectively as Internet number resources, to the RIRs, who then distribute them to their members within their own specific service regions. RIR members include Internet Service Providers (ISPs), telecommunications organisations, large corporations, governments, academic institutions, and industry stakeholders, including end users.

The RIR model of open, transparent participation has proven successful at responding to the rapidly changing Internet environment. Each RIR holds one to two open meetings per year, as well as facilitating online discussion by the community, to allow the open exchange of ideas from the technical community, the business sector, civil society, and government regulators.

The RIRs are an important part of the global Internet community and have strong relationships with local, regional and global organizations. These organizations work together within a model of enhanced cooperation and multistakeholder coordination to ensure the continued stability and security of the Internet.

Each RIR performs a range of critical functions including:

  • The reliable and stable allocation of Internet number resources (IPv4, IPv6 and AS Number resources)
  • The responsible storage and maintenance of this registration data
  • The provision of an open, publicly accessible database where this data can be accessed
  • A range of technical and coordination services for the Internet community
Regional Internet Registries Map

Regional Internet Registries

Together, the five RIRs provide Internet number resource services to every economy in the world.

AFRINIC Africa region http://www.AFRINIC.net
APNIC Asia and Pacific region http://www.apnic.net
ARIN Canada, many Caribbean and North Atlantic islands, and the United States http://www.arin.net
LACNIC Latin America and parts of the Caribbean http://www.lacnic.net
RIPE NCC Europe, Parts of Asia and the Middle East http://www.ripe.net

Summary of IP resources by economy

The five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) provide publicly accessible, daily updated statistical reports on IPv4 and IPv6 address delegations by economy. The reports are available from:

http://www.nro.net/statistics

Another source of important data on IP delegations is the whois database. Each RIR maintains a public whois database that contains information on IP addresses delegated to organizations, as well as assignments made by those organizations to their customers. The RIRs also maintain data on the organizations that have IP address delegations registered in each RIR database.

The TSB survey included a number of questions on IP resource distribution by economy. The questions were: 1) What is the number (absolute number, for example 10’000) of IPv4 addresses currently available and used in your country? 2) What is the number (absolute number, for example 10’000) of IPv6 addresses currently available and used in your country? 3) What is the number (absolute number, for example 100) of organizations in your country that currently have been allocated an IPv4 addresses block from one of the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)? 4) What is the number (absolute number, for example 100) of organizations in your country that currently have been allocated an IPv6 addresses block from one of the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)?

For ease of access, the NRO has grouped data responding to these questions into a single easily accessible table on the following pages. Allocations made on a specific regional basis are shown in the last rows of the table, beneath the economy-based allocations.

Information to assist in interpreting the table on the following pages

To make best use of the data, the NRO recommends that you read the notes below in conjunction with the data.

Economy ISO 3166-1 currently recognizes 246 different economies. The RIRs use this list for registering allocations and assignments in their whois databases. In addition to the officially recognized codes, the RIRs also use 2 regional designations: Asia Pacific and European Union.

The data in this table shows the economy to which IPv4 addresses were originally delegated. It does not show any subsequent change to the economy of IP address delegations that may occur after original delegations have been made. For example, while Serbia and Montenegro now exist as separate economies, the earlier designation as a single economy still appears in the table. Delegations made after Serbia and Montenegro were split into two economies will appear as separate entries under Serbia and, separately, Montenegro.

Another implication of this preservation of original delegation information means that some economies appear to have no IP addresses when they in fact do. For instance, in the case of Martinique, the table below shows the economy as having no IPv4 addresses delegated directly by an RIR; however, Martinique does have address space assigned to its ISPs from RIR-delegated address ranges allocated to ISPs in the Netherlands Antilles and France. The addresses in this case, are therefore recorded in the table below as being delegated to the Netherlands Antilles and France.

IPv4 Absolute number of addresses allocated Due to the routing architecture of the Internet and international reach of many businesses and networks, there are also addresses delegated to organizations that operate in more than one economy. Allocations made on a specific regional basis are shown in the last row of the table, beneath the economy-based allocations. Some of the apparently economy-based allocations listed in the table below may also contain elements of cross-border use. Only individual organizations using the addresses can specify definitively whether all their addresses are used within the same economy.

It is important to note that, due to the hierarchical nature of addressing, not all IP addresses that are delegated to a network can, in fact, be used. Nor is it practical for a Member State to track the number of private IP addresses—often deployed for their perceived security advantages—that are in active use on networks.

/8s allocated Because of the very large numbers of IPv4 addresses possible in some cases, the table includes a column showing the number of addresses using the standard Internet technical equivalent of a total number of /8s (a “slash 8” represents 224 IP addresses, or what was known historically as a “Class A” address block).
Organizations with IPv4 addresses from RIR pools The TSB survey requested information about the number of organizations with IPv4 addresses from RIR pools, so this is the information shown in the class=”innews”. It is important to keep in mind, however, that the true number of organizations receiving services from RIRs also includes those who received IPv4 before the RIR system began.
IPv6 /64s allocated Because of the very large scale of numbers allocated in the IPv6 address space, we have not included absolute numbers of individual IP addresses, but have used /64 (or 264 addresses) notation. A single /64 is used to address a single IPv6 subnet where auto-configuration of host addresses is desired. The table also includes a column to show the number of addresses using the standard Internet technical equivalent of a total number of /32s (which represent 296 IP addresses, the standard minimum address block allocated to a network).

It is important to note that, due to the hierarchical nature of addressing, not all IP addresses that are delegated to a network can, in fact be used. This is particularly relevant to networks using IPv6, as the protocol’s addressing scheme is designed to facilitate more efficient network management and routing rather than efficient use of individual addresses.

/32s allocated A /32 (or 296 addresses) is the current minimum allocation size given to a Local Internet Registry for distribution to its downstream customers.
Organizations with IPv6 addresses from RIR pools The NRO suggests using caution when analysing IPv6 distribution by economy as the total number of IPv6 addresses made to regionally based networks forms a significant proportion of IPv6 allocations made to date.
Summary of IP resources by economy (as of 15 May 2009)
IPv4
IPv6
Economy
Absolute number of addresses allocated
/8s allocated
Organizations with IPv4 addresses from RIR pools
/64s allocated
/32s allocated
Organizations with IPv6 addresses from RIR pools
Afghanistan 65,792 0.00392 10 0 0 0
Aland Islands 4,096 0.00024 1 0 0 0
Albania 150,784 0.00899 14 0 0 0
Algeria 1,314,304 0.07834 25 4,294,967,296 1 1
American Samoa 4,096 0.00024 1 0 0 0
Andorra 24,576 0.00146 2 4,294,967,296 1 0
Angola 50,176 0.00299 20 4,294,967,296 1 1
Anguilla 4,096 0.00024 1 0 0 0
Antarctica 0 0 0 0 0 0
Antigua and Barbuda 47,104 0.00281 3 0 0 0
Argentina 7,397,120 0.4409 181 163,208,822,784 38.00002 17
Armenia 165,152 0.00984 25 17,179,869,184 4 1
Aruba 18,432 0.0011 2 0 0 0
Australia 37,517,056 2.23619 1028 35,403,953,078,272 8243.12518 56
Austria 7,358,432 0.4386 182 187,904,884,736 43.75002 13
Azerbaijan 237,568 0.01416 24 0 0 0
Bahamas 67,584 0.00403 4 4,294,967,296 1 1
Bahrain 233,984 0.01395 30 4,294,967,296 1 0
Bangladesh 580,864 0.03462 80 30,064,836,608 7.00002 8
Barbados 119,552 0.00713 3 0 0 0
Belarus 334,848 0.01996 22 0 0 0
Belgium 6,415,232 0.38238 129 91,805,188,096 21.37506 7
Belize 49,664 0.00296 4 0 0 0
Benin 17,408 0.00104 7 4,294,967,296 1 1
Bermuda 80,384 0.00479 6 4,294,967,296 1 1
Bhutan 22,528 0.00134 4 4,294,967,296 1 1
Bolivia 431,360 0.02571 18 12,884,901,888 3 3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 395,520 0.02357 40 8,589,934,592 2 1
Botswana 72,960 0.00435 8 0 0 0
Bouvet Island 0 0 0 0 0 0
Brazil 29,754,880 1.77353 476 282,299,610,431,488 65728 35
British Indian Ocean Territory 3,072 0.00018 1 0 0 0
Brunei Darussalam 191,232 0.0114 4 4,294,967,296 1 1
Bulgaria 3,347,200 0.19951 144 47,244,705,792 11.00002 5
Burkina Faso 22,272 0.00133 8 0 0 0
Burundi 2,304 0.00014 2 0 0 0
Cambodia 131,584 0.00784 31 0 0 0
Cameroon 59,904 0.00357 14 4,294,967,296 1 1
Canada 59,418,368 3.54161 395 227,637,395,456 53.00096 61
Cape Verde 8,192 0.00049 2 0 0 0
Cayman Islands 31,744 0.00189 3 0 0 0
Central African Republic 3,328 0.0002 3 0 0 0
Chad 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chile 4,862,208 0.28981 192 47,244,705,792 11.00002 12
China 201,264,896 11.99632 278 244,813,266,944 57.00003 24
Christmas Island# 2560 0.0002 1 0 0 0
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0
Colombia 4,527,616 0.26987 85 38,654,771,200 9.00002 10
Comoros 0 0 0 0 0 0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14,848 0.00089 1 0 0 0
Congo 1,024 0.00006 7 0 0 0
Cook Islands 8,192 0.00049 1 4,294,967,296 1 0
Costa Rica 1,504,768 0.08969 15 25,769,869,312 6.00002 3
Cote D’Ivoire 112,896 0.00673 16 8,589,934,592 2 2
Croatia 1,623,648 0.09678 37 21,474,902,016 5.00002 2
Cuba 105,472 0.00629 12 17,179,869,184 4 4
Cyprus 521,248 0.03107 28 25,769,803,776 2
Czech Republic 6,102,912 0.36376 259 224,949,043,200 52.37503 18
Denmark 9,815,136 0.58503 161 100,394,926,080 23.37502 9
Djibouti 4,096 0.00024 1 4,294,967,296 1 1
Dominica 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dominican Republic 405,248 0.02415 15 12,884,901,888 3 3
Ecuador 936,192 0.0558 122 17,180,000,256 4.00003 6
Egypt 2,771,968 0.16522 90 21,474,836,480 5 5
El Salvador 406,528 0.02423 13 4,294,967,296 1 1
Equatorial Guinea 2,048 0.00012 1 0 0 0
Eritrea 4,096 0.00024 1 0 0 0
Estonia 1,023,512 0.06101 45 35,970,482,176 8.37503 1
Ethiopia 16,384 0.00098 1 0 0 0
Faeroe Islands 33,792 0.00201 5 0 0 0
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fiji 110,080 0.00656 9 12,884,967,424 3.00002 2
Finland 8,937,984 0.53275 184 66,572,124,160 15.50003 3
France 85,168,064 5.07641 367 35,764,729,872,384 8327.12508 19
French Guiana 2,048 0.00012 1 0 0 0
French Polynesia 39,424 0.00235 1 0 0 0
French Southern Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gabon 155,136 0.00925 7 0 0 0
Gambia 11,264 0.00067 3 0 0 0
Georgia 557,568 0.03323 41 0 0 0
Germany 68,663,448 4.09266 767 41,867,341,922,304 9748.00017 69
Ghana 162,304 0.00967 33 4,294,967,296 1 1
Gibraltar 59,392 0.00354 7 4,294,967,296 1 1
Greece 3,867,392 0.23051 60 23,085,514,752 5.37502 2
Greenland 16,384 0.00098 1 0 0 0
Grenada 1,280 0.00008 1 0 0 0
Guadaloupe 8,192 0.00049 1 0 0 0
Guam 82,176 0.0049 7 0 0 0
Guatemala 489,472 0.02917 21 17,179,869,184 4 4
Guernsey 4,096 0.00024 2 0 0 0
Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guinea-Bissau 1,024 0.00006 1 0 0 0
Guyana 16,384 0.00098 1 0 0 0
Haiti 57,600 0.00343 6 4,295,032,832 1.00002 1
Heard & McDonald Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0
Honduras 94,720 0.00565 16 0 0 0
Hong Kong 8,220,416 0.48997 163 81,604,444,161 19.00002 19
Hungary 3,716,480 0.22152 133 57,445,253,120 13.37502 6
Iceland 545,792 0.03253 30 30,064,836,608 7.00002 3
India 18,577,664 1.10732 260 94,489,346,048 22.00002 19
Indonesia 7,266,816 0.43314 216 90,194,575,360 21.00006 26
Iran 1,925,120 0.11475 90 60,129,542,144 14 3
Iraq 61,440 0.00366 8 0 0 0
Ireland 4,205,728 0.25068 110 97,710,637,056 22.75003 6
Isle of Man 16,384 0.00098 5 4,294,967,296 1 0
Israel 3,960,768 0.23608 51 25,769,869,312 6.00002 1
Italy 32,376,512 1.92979 455 17,863,306,051,584 4159.12505 22
Jamaica 138,240 0.00824 5 0 0 0
Japan 170,107,648 10.13921 345 35,782,983,811,074 8331.37515 128
Jersey 6,400 0.00038 2 0 0 0
Jordan 302,848 0.01805 31 4,294,967,296 1 0
Kazakhstan 873,472 0.05206 47 0 0 1
Kenya 267,520 0.01595 54 17,180,000,256 4.00003 6
Kiribati 3,072 0.00018 2 0 0 0
Korea, Democratic People’s Rep. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korea, Rep. 72,238,848 4.30577 158 22,333,830,004,737 5200.00002 49
Kuwait 782,080 0.04662 34 4,294,967,296 1 0
Kyrgyz Republic 129,024 0.00769 12 4,294,967,296 1 0
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 41,216 0.00246 5 0 0 0
Latvia 1,404,928 0.08374 88 21,474,836,480 5 2
Lebanon 304,384 0.01814 27 0 0 0
Lesotho 12,544 0.00075 5 0 0 0
Liberia 1,024 0.00006 1 0 0 0
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 294,912 0.01758 4 0 0 0
Liechtenstein 53,792 0.00321 9 8,589,934,592 2 2
Lithuania 2,009,216 0.11976 55 10,200,612,864 2.37502 1
Luxembourg 534,336 0.03185 42 48,855,318,528 11.37502 5
Macao 163,072 0.00972 4 8,589,934,592 2 2
Macedonia 528,128 0.03148 26 8,589,934,592 2 0
Madagascar 37,888 0.00226 5 4,294,967,296 1 1
Malawi 20,992 0.00125 9 4,294,967,296 1 0
Malaysia 4,212,992 0.25111 63 77,309,476,864 18.00002 18
Maldives 37,376 0.00223 4 0 0 0
Mali 24,576 0.00146 6 4,294,967,296 1 1
Malta 476,160 0.02838 33 17,179,869,184 4 0
Marshall Islands 2,048 0.00012 1 0 0 0
Martinique 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mauritania 24,576 0.00146 2 0 0 0
Mauritius 270,080 0.0161 24 17,179,869,184 4 4
Mayotte 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mexico 21,503,232 1.28169 476 68,719,607,808 16.00003 14
Micronesia 2,048 0.00012 1 4,294,967,296 1 0
Moldova 308,736 0.0184 25 8,589,934,592 2 0
Monaco 65,856 0.00393 5 8,589,934,592 2 1
Mongolia 109,312 0.00652 24 0 0 0
Montenegro 28,672 0.00171 7 0 0 0
Montserrat 1,280 0.00008 2 0 0 0
Morocco 881,920 0.05257 14 8,589,934,592 2 2
Mozambique 48,128 0.00287 14 4,294,967,296 1 1
Myanmar 12,288 0.00073 2 0 0 0
Namibia 148,480 0.00885 16 65,536 0.00002 1
Nauru 8,192 0.00049 1 0 0 0
Nepal 147,968 0.00882 18 4,294,967,296 1 1
Netherlands 21,257,512 1.26705 433 2,669,322,502,144 621.50008 34
Netherlands Antilles 211,968 0.01263 15 12,885,098,496 3.00005 5
New Caledonia 63,488 0.00378 6 0 0 0
New Zealand 6,124,288 0.36504 171 137,439,543,296 32.00014 35
Nicaragua 166,144 0.0099 12 8,589,934,592 2 2
Niger 9,216 0.00055 2 0 0 0
Nigeria 462,336 0.02756 66 8,589,934,592 2 2
Niue 1,024 0.00006 1 0 0 0
Norfolk Island 1,536 0.00009 2 0 0 0
Northern Mariana Islands 12,288 0.00073 1 0 0 0
Norway 24,292,912 1.44797 220 1,255,741,194,240 292.37503 16
Oman 196,608 0.01172 3 4,294,967,296 1 0
Pakistan 1,651,968 0.09846 57 34,359,738,368 8 7
Palau 4,096 0.00024 1 4,294,967,296 1 1
Palestinian Territory 248,320 0.0148 14 0 0 0
Panama 1,130,240 0.06737 27 12,884,901,888 3 3
Papua New Guinea 38,656 0.0023 7 8,589,934,592 2 1
Paraguay 141,568 0.00844 12 4,294,967,296 1 1
Peru 1,715,968 0.10228 34 30,064,771,072 7 7
Philippines 4,081,920 0.2433 94 64,424,509,440 15 15
Pitcairn 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poland 13,915,656 0.82944 270 9,039,832,481,792 2104.75002 8
Portugal 4,473,952 0.26667 61 74,625,187,840 17.37503 4
Puerto Rico 732,672 0.04367 18 4,295,032,832 1.00002 2
Qatar 378,880 0.02258 8 4,294,967,296 1 0
Reunion 32,768 0.00195 1 0 0 0
Romania 9,169,408 0.54654 87 47,244,705,792 11.00002 3
Russian Federation 25,020,616 1.49134 1594 269,509,263,360 62.75002 33
Rwanda 154,624 0.00922 8 4,294,967,296 1 1
Samoa 13,568 0.00081 4 4,294,967,296 1 0
San Marino 22,528 0.00134 3 0 0 0
Sao Tome and Principe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 2,736,896 0.16313 73 30,064,771,072 7 0
Senegal 92,416 0.00551 14 4,294,967,296 1 1
Serbia 197,376 0.01176 59 8,589,934,592 2 6
Serbia and Montenegro 997,632 0.05946 0 21,474,836,480 5 0
Seychelles 17,408 0.00104 9 4,294,967,296 1 1
Sierra Leone 15,360 0.00092 5 0 0 0
Singapore 4,419,328 0.26341 94 77,309,542,400 18.00003 17
Slovakia 1,644,288 0.09801 70 47,244,771,328 11.00003 2
Slovenia 1,294,336 0.07715 46 60,129,607,680 14.00002 5
Solomon Islands 8,704 0.00052 1 4,294,967,296 1 0
Somalia 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Africa 15,057,920 0.89752 802 68,720,394,240 16.00021 23
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0
Spain 22,067,360 1.31532 289 126,164,795,392 29.37503 6
Sri Lanka 436,736 0.02603 13 12,884,967,424 3.00002 4
St. Helena 0 0 0 0 0 0
St. Kitts and Nevis 5,120 0.00031 1 0 0 0
St. Lucia 256 0.00002 0 0 0 0
St. Pierre and Miquelon 4,096 0.00024 0 0 0 0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6,144 0.00037 1 0 0 0
Sudan 67,584 0.00403 8 4,294,967,296 1 1
Suriname 44,032 0.00262 2 0 0 0
Svalbard and Jan Mayen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swaziland 25,344 0.00151 7 4,294,967,296 1 1
Sweden 19,008,160 1.13297 342 767,725,862,912 178.75011 16
Switzerland 25,162,472 1.4998 214 443,992,506,368 103.37506 32
Syrian Arab Republic 263,168 0.01569 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 24,680,704 1.47108 102 9,921,374,519,296 2310.00002 30
Tajikistan 34,816 0.00208 6 0 0 0
Tanzania 105,472 0.00629 32 12,884,967,424 3.00002 4
Thailand 5,071,616 0.30229 77 68,719,607,808 16.00003 18
Timor-Leste 0 0 0 0 0 0
Togo 12,288 0.00073 2 0 0 0
Tokelau 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tonga 4,352 0.00026 2 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 307,968 0.01836 11 8,589,934,592 2 2
Tunisia 632,064 0.03767 6 4,294,967,296 1 1
Turkey 10,581,696 0.63072 125 73,014,444,032 17 10
Turkmenistan 8,192 0.00049 2 0 0 0
Turks and Caicos Islands 7,168 0.00043 2 0 0 0
Tuvalu 8,192 0.00049 1 0 0 0
Uganda 142,592 0.0085 15 0 0 0
Ukraine 5,535,936 0.32997 180 68,719,476,736 16 10
United Arab Emirates 2,286,848 0.13631 16 12,884,901,888 3 2
United Kingdom 87,576,152 5.21995 977 5,194,763,665,409 1209.50017 37
United States Minor Outlying Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0
United States of America 1,458,625,280 86.94084 4,376 63,892,360,134,656 14876.09933 691
Uruguay 596,480 0.03555 13 81,604,640,768 19.00006 5
Uzbekistan 186,112 0.01109 15 4,294,967,296 1 0
Vanuatu 6,400 0.00038 2 0 0 0
Vatican City State 8,192 0.00049 1 4,294,967,296 1 1
Venezuela 3,693,056 0.22012 53 60,129,542,144 14 13
Viet Nam 6,708,480 0.39986 45 42,950,787,072 10.00026 26
Virgin Islands, British 2,048 0.00012 1 0 0 0
Virgin Islands, US 87,040 0.00519 4 4,294,967,296 1 1
Wallis and Futuna Islands 2,048 0.00012 0 0 0 0
Western Sahara 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yemen 24,576 0.00146 2 0 0 0
Zambia 36,096 0.00215 11 0 0 0
Zimbabwe 43,520 0.00259 11 4,294,967,296 1 1
Asia Pacific 556,544 0.03317 68 94,492,688,384 22.00079 13
European Union 113,840,544 6.78543 79 26,449,482,743,808 6158.25009 2

Responses to the remainder of TSB survey questions

The remainder of the survey questions have been answered separately below.

Question 5. What would you expect your requirements to be in terms of the number (absolute number, for example 10’000) of IPv4 addresses in your country in the future?

The data published by the RIRs enables anyone to make projections of future address consumption based on past trends in address consumption. The NRO invites Member States to use the data summarized in the table below, which shows trends in address space consumption on a per-economy basis over the past four years.

It is important to note that future growth in IP allocations cannot simply be assessed by using projections based on past growth. New Internet applications and increased Internet penetration rates can result in exponential growth of allocations, while deployment of private IP addresses behind firewalls can result in slowed growth.

Information to assist in interpreting the table on the following pages

To make best use of the data, the NRO recommends that you read the notes below in conjunction with the data.

Economy ISO 3166-1 currently recognizes 246 different economies. The RIRs use this list for registering allocations and assignments in their whois databases. In addition to the officially recognized codes, the RIRs also use 2 regional designations: Asia Pacific and European Union. This table does not include a calculation for economies that received IP address space directly from the RIRs after 31 December 2008. For economies that have received address space from RIRs after this date, or for economies that have chosen to obtain address space from an upstream provider, please contact your local RIR for more information to help you calculate future IP address consumption trends.
Total address holdings This data includes the total number of IPv4 addresses (as /32s or individual IP addresses) that were delegated to each economy as appear in the daily statistics files produced by the RIRs by the cut-off dates shown.
% increase 2007-2008 As there is not a full set of data available yet for the year 2009, the percentage increase looks at the increase over the previous two full years of data, 2007 and 2008. For economies that have experienced a change from no IPv4 addresses in 2007 to having IPv6 addresses in 2008, it is not possible to calculate a percentage increase. In such cases, the table below shows “NA” (not applicable). The NRO suggests that, as Internet penetration rates have been increasing more rapidly in the past few years, Member States should consider placing greater weight on the trends for the last year or two, rather than earlier data trends.


Trends in IPv4 allocations, 2005-2008
Total address holdings
Economy
31 Dec 2005
31 Dec 2006
31 Dec 2007
31 Dec 2008
% increase 2007-2008
Aaland Islands 0 4,096 4,096 4,096 0.00%
Afghanistan 32,768 38,912 61,440 63,744 3.75%
Albania 32,768 32,768 110,848 150,784 36.03%
Algeria 72,960 240,896 264,704 265,728 0.39%
American Samoa 4,096 4,096 4,096 4,096 0.00%
Andorra 16,384 24,576 24,576 24,576 0.00%
Angola 10,240 22,784 46,336 49,152 6.08%
Anguilla 2,048 4,096 4,096 4,096 0.00%
Antarctica 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Antigua and Barbuda 32,768 36,864 47,104 47,104 0.00%
Argentina 3,066,624 3,884,288 5,181,184 6,941,952 33.98%
Armenia 86,016 98,304 107,296 145,952 36.03%
Aruba 16,384 18,432 18,432 18,432 0.00%
Australia 26,377,984 30,228,992 32,959,232 36,064,256 9.42%
Austria 5,485,984 6,042,592 6,704,352 7,010,272 4.56%
Azerbaijan 96,256 133,120 141,312 221,184 56.52%
Bahamas 45,056 57,344 57,344 67,584 17.86%
Bahrain 71,680 104,448 153,600 233,984 52.33%
Bangladesh 183,808 257,536 359,936 580,352 61.24%
Barbados 54,016 70,400 99,072 119,552 20.67%
Belarus 123,904 152,576 158,720 328,704 107.10%
Belgium 4,279,040 5,031,040 5,454,208 6,297,216 15.46%
Belize 25,088 33,280 49,664 49,664 0.00%
Benin 5,120 6,144 6,144 17,408 183.33%
Bermuda 69,120 69,120 79,360 80,384 1.29%
Bhutan 10,240 12,288 22,528 22,528 0.00%
Bolivia 267,520 318,720 343,296 398,592 16.11%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 122,880 155,648 280,576 378,880 35.04%
Botswana 1,024 3,072 6,144 72,960 1087.50%
Bouvet Island 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Brazil 17,171,968 19,269,120 23,463,424 29,754,880 26.81%
British Indian Ocean Territory 1,024 3,072 3,072 3,072 0.00%
Brunei 172,544 172,544 174,592 191,232 9.53%
Bulgaria 1,483,776 1,899,520 2,487,808 3,264,256 31.21%
Burkina Faso 13,056 13,056 13,056 22,272 70.59%
Burundi 2,048 2,304 2,304 2,304 0.00%
Cambodia 34,816 53,248 96,768 120,064 24.07%
Cameroon 10,496 36,096 53,760 58,880 9.52%
Canada 45,796,096 47,670,784 52,122,112 55,399,424 6.29%
Cape Verde 0 0 4,096 8,192 100.00%
Cayman Islands 22,528 22,528 27,648 31,744 14.81%
Central African Rep. 0 2,048 3,072 3,328 8.33%
Chad 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Chile 3,096,320 3,600,640 4,168,960 4,626,688 10.98%
China 74,349,056 97,991,168 135,282,944 181,778,176 34.37%
Christmas Island 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Colombia 1,108,992 1,805,312 3,097,856 4,154,880 34.12%
Comoros 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Congo 0 0 0 1,024 NA
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1,024 1,024 2,048 6,144 200.00%
Cook Islands 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 0.00%
Costa Rica 1,254,144 1,270,528 1,307,392 1,451,008 10.98%
Cote d’Ivoire 16,384 40,960 73,984 100,608 35.99%
Croatia 445,024 646,752 952,416 1,546,336 62.36%
Cuba 91,136 97,280 101,376 105,472 4.04%
Cyprus 267,552 352,288 430,112 520,736 21.07%
Czech Republic 3,088,640 4,264,320 4,901,760 5,898,624 20.34%
Denmark 6,769,088 7,366,144 7,867,232 9,177,184 16.65%
Djibouti 4,096 4,096 4,096 4,096 0.00%
Dominica 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Dominican Republic 147,200 196,352 265,984 405,248 52.36%
Ecuador 267,008 344,320 553,216 735,488 32.95%
Egypt 1,238,784 1,382,400 2,138,880 2,423,552 13.31%
El Salvador 156,672 300,032 336,896 406,528 20.67%
Equatorial Guinea 0 0 2,048 2,048 0.00%
Eritrea 4,096 4,096 4,096 4,096 0.00%
Estonia 695,040 937,984 973,824 1,002,520 2.95%
Ethiopia 16,384 16,384 16,384 16,384 0.00%
Falkland Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Faroe Islands 20,480 33,792 33,792 33,792 0.00%
Fiji 88,832 90,880 91,392 110,080 20.45%
Finland 7,471,232 8,441,472 8,691,840 8,920,576 2.63%
France 57,798,784 70,816,672 84,190,240 84,813,760 0.74%
French Guiana 0 2,048 2,048 2,048 0.00%
French Polynesia 23,040 39,424 39,424 39,424 0.00%
French Southern and Antarctic Lands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Gabon 6,656 23,040 24,064 155,136 544.68%
Gambia 10,240 10,240 10,240 11,264 10.00%
Georgia 147,456 192,512 243,712 485,888 99.37%
Germany 36,641,880 47,818,616 59,039,608 66,851,704 13.23%
Ghana 58,368 82,944 121,344 136,704 12.66%
Gibraltar 47,104 47,104 47,104 57,344 21.74%
Greece 1,750,272 2,344,704 3,124,992 3,735,808 19.55%
Greenland 16,384 16,384 16,384 16,384 0.00%
Grenada 256 256 256 256 0.00%
Guadeloupe 0 1,024 4,096 6,144 50.00%
Guam 51,456 67,840 73,984 82,176 11.07%
Guatemala 145,152 225,024 262,144 354,304 35.16%
Guernsey 0 0 2,048 4,096 100.00%
Guinea 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Guinea-Bissau 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 0.00%
Guyana 0 16,384 16,384 16,384 0.00%
Haiti 28,672 28,672 32,768 45,056 37.50%
Heard Island and McDonald Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Honduras 8,448 45,312 61,696 94,464 53.11%
Hong Kong 6,080,256 6,564,352 7,148,032 7,901,440 10.54%
Hungary 2,265,984 2,928,000 3,330,688 3,613,824 8.50%
Iceland 440,320 516,096 528,384 545,280 3.20%
India 5,975,808 8,202,752 13,810,944 18,047,488 30.68%
Indonesia 1,628,416 1,891,328 2,718,208 6,877,952 153.03%
Iran 786,944 1,008,128 1,339,904 1,816,064 35.54%
Iraq 6,144 10,240 30,720 36,864 20.00%
Ireland 2,831,008 3,356,064 3,911,840 4,191,648 7.15%
Isle of Man 0 0 6,144 16,384 166.67%
Israel 2,636,736 3,050,176 3,604,416 3,921,600 8.80%
Italy 17,721,440 18,516,416 23,613,632 29,462,464 24.77%
Jamaica 68,608 101,376 105,472 125,952 19.42%
Japan 142,736,640 151,128,064 158,272,000 168,335,872 6.36%
Jersey 0 0 2,048 6,400 212.50%
Jordan 154,880 169,216 220,928 290,560 31.52%
Kazakhstan 288,768 341,504 580,608 873,216 50.40%
Kenya 94,208 136,192 190,976 253,184 32.57%
Kiribati 1,024 3,072 3,072 3,072 0.00%
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Korea, Rep. 43,195,904 51,126,528 58,859,008 66,821,632 13.53%
Kuwait 285,696 433,920 529,920 772,352 45.75%
Kyrgyzstan 65,536 86,272 97,536 129,024 32.28%
Laos 20,736 22,784 22,784 41,216 80.90%
Latvia 879,168 1,024,320 1,241,152 1,361,920 9.73%
Lebanon 116,736 182,272 221,440 302,080 36.42%
Lesotho 6,144 6,400 6,400 12,544 96.00%
Liberia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Libya 8,192 24,576 286,720 286,720 0.00%
Liechtenstein 49,184 53,280 53,280 53,792 0.96%
Lithuania 1,009,536 1,303,936 1,955,456 1,997,952 2.17%
Luxembourg 283,392 294,144 359,680 448,320 24.64%
Macau 144,640 144,640 146,688 163,072 11.17%
Macedonia 143,360 194,560 277,248 455,680 64.36%
Madagascar 4,096 20,480 20,480 37,888 85.00%
Malawi 3,072 3,072 8,704 19,968 129.41%
Malaysia 2,532,864 2,785,280 3,275,776 4,122,624 25.85%
Maldives 10,752 12,800 20,992 37,376 78.05%
Mali 16,384 16,384 20,480 24,576 20.00%
Malta 273,408 283,648 392,192 476,160 21.41%
Marshall Islands 0 0 2,048 2,048 0.00%
Martinique 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Mauritania 8,192 8,192 8,192 24,576 200.00%
Mauritius 51,968 159,488 202,496 204,544 1.01%
Mayotte 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Mexico 11,016,448 16,259,328 21,502,208 21,504,000 0.01%
Micronesia 0 2,048 2,048 2,048 0.00%
Moldova 79,872 137,472 170,752 253,952 48.73%
Monaco 63,488 64,576 64,576 65,856 1.98%
Mongolia 47,104 79,872 98,560 109,056 10.65%
Montenegro 0 0 16,384 28,672 75.00%
Montserrat 0 0 256 1,280 400.00%
Morocco 299,264 569,600 585,984 618,752 5.59%
Mozambique 14,336 26,624 34,816 44,032 26.47%
Myanmar 12,288 12,288 12,288 12,288 0.00%
Namibia 30,464 39,680 39,936 115,712 189.74%
Nauru 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 0.00%
Nepal 49,664 51,712 88,576 135,680 53.18%
Netherlands 16,354,472 18,079,144 19,947,816 20,860,712 4.58%
Netherlands Antilles 45,056 118,784 200,704 207,872 3.57%
New Caledonia 34,816 38,912 43,008 63,488 47.62%
New Zealand 4,426,496 4,932,608 5,414,656 6,100,736 12.67%
Nicaragua 89,600 89,856 124,928 166,144 32.99%
Niger 0 0 0 9,216 NA
Nigeria 144,640 185,600 272,896 450,816 65.20%
Niue 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 0.00%
Norfolk Island 1,280 1,280 1,280 1,536 20.00%
Northern Mariana Islands 8,192 12,288 12,288 12,288 0.00%
Norway 22,376,992 22,966,560 23,416,352 23,981,872 2.42%
Oman 163,840 163,840 163,840 163,840 0.00%
Pakistan 345,600 440,832 668,672 1,372,416 105.25%
Palau 4,096 4,096 4,096 4,096 0.00%
Palestine 174,080 241,664 241,664 245,760 1.69%
Panama 414,464 816,384 905,216 1,113,856 23.05%
Papua New Guinea 19,200 21,248 34,560 38,656 11.85%
Paraguay 47,104 63,488 69,632 135,168 94.12%
Peru 679,424 970,496 1,253,120 1,584,896 26.48%
Philippines 1,159,424 2,132,992 2,418,944 3,051,776 26.16%
Pitcairn 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Poland 7,420,768 10,171,336 12,214,248 13,466,728 10.25%
Portugal 2,573,888 3,233,856 3,515,712 4,170,848 18.63%
Puerto Rico 467,200 532,736 609,536 684,288 12.26%
Qatar 176,128 241,664 372,736 374,784 0.55%
Reunion 0 0 0 32,768 NA
Romania 3,820,672 4,591,488 6,703,232 8,183,296 22.08%
Russia 10,806,152 13,764,360 16,945,544 23,116,872 36.42%
Rwanda 8,192 12,288 77,824 154,624 98.68%
Samoa 8,448 8,448 11,520 12,544 8.89%
San Marino 8,192 16,384 20,480 22,528 10.00%
Sao Tome and Principe 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Saudi Arabia 991,232 1,374,720 1,658,880 2,168,320 30.71%
Senegal 2,304 2,304 2,304 2,304 0.00%
Serbia 0 16,384 53,504 86,272 61.24%
Serbia and Montenegro 409,856 615,168 757,760 964,096 27.23%
Seychelles 3,072 7,168 12,288 16,384 33.33%
Sierra Leone 0 12,288 13,312 14,336 7.69%
Singapore 2,839,296 3,071,488 3,982,080 4,365,568 9.63%
Slovakia 1,025,024 1,197,312 1,374,208 1,461,760 6.37%
Slovenia 704,896 968,064 1,058,176 1,226,240 15.88%
Solomon Islands 8,704 8,704 8,704 8,704 0.00%
Somalia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
South Africa 8,304,640 9,506,048 13,553,664 13,991,680 3.23%
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Spain 16,172,320 18,548,256 20,357,792 21,659,040 6.39%
Sri Lanka 147,456 231,424 290,816 305,664 5.11%
St Helena 0 0 0 0 0.00%
St Kitts and Nevis 1,024 2,048 3,072 5,120 66.67%
St Lucia 256 256 256 256 0.00%
St Pierre & Miquelon 0 0 0 0 0.00%
St Vincent 0 0 2,048 6,144 200.00%
Sudan 40,960 57,344 66,560 66,560 0.00%
Suriname 7,168 11,264 19,456 44,032 126.32%
Svalbard and Jan Mayen 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Swaziland 4,864 13,056 21,248 25,344 19.28%
Sweden 12,350,080 15,228,960 17,289,312 17,749,920 2.66%
Switzerland 23,646,688 24,145,120 24,546,496 24,705,000 0.65%
Syria 25,600 115,712 128,000 177,152 38.40%
Taiwan 16,248,320 18,126,592 19,800,832 23,977,216 21.09%
Tajikistan 20,480 20,480 28,672 34,816 21.43%
Tanzania 31,744 54,272 70,144 75,520 7.66%
Thailand 2,826,240 3,305,472 3,911,936 4,431,872 13.29%
Timor-Leste 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Togo 4,096 12,288 12,288 12,288 0.00%
Tokelau 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Tonga 256 4,352 4,352 4,352 0.00%
Trinidad and Tobago 66,304 137,984 242,432 258,816 6.76%
Tunisia 106,752 631,040 631,040 632,064 0.16%
Turkey 5,577,408 5,717,952 8,338,112 10,028,224 20.27%
Turkmenistan 4,096 4,096 4,096 8,192 100.00%
Turks and Caicos Islands 0 0 4,096 4,096 0.00%
Tuvalu 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 0.00%
Uganda 73,728 80,896 114,944 124,160 8.02%
Ukraine 1,333,184 2,006,464 2,843,200 4,949,568 74.08%
United Arab Emirates 963,840 1,228,032 1,492,224 2,286,848 53.25%
United Kingdom 73,117,496 76,967,256 83,377,656 86,434,648 3.67%
United States 1,258,942,720 1,303,634,688 1,352,182,528 1,406,022,912 3.98%
Uruguay 222,976 366,848 441,088 663,808 50.49%
United States Minor Outlying Islands 0 512 512 512 0.00%
Uzbekistan 79,872 120,832 129,024 164,096 27.18%
Vanuatu 4,096 4,096 4,352 6,400 47.06%
Vatican City State 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 0.00%
Venezuela 1,794,048 2,417,152 3,551,744 3,635,712 2.36%
Vietnam 772,352 823,040 3,839,232 6,624,000 72.53%
Virgin Islands, British 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 0.00%
Virgin Islands, US 76,800 76,800 82,944 87,040 4.94%
Wallis and Futuna 0 0 2,048 2,048 0.00%
Western Sahara 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Yemen 16,384 24,576 24,576 24,576 0.00%
Zambia 10,240 12,544 13,568 35,072 158.49%
Zimbabwe 14,592 22,784 29,184 37,376 28.07%
Asia Pacific 406,784 437,504 437,504 521,728 19.25%
European Union 108,023,200 109,179,808 109,396,896 109,428,128 0.03%

Question 6. What would you expect your requirements to be in terms of the number (absolute number, for example 10’000) of IPv6 addresses in your country in the future?

The data published by the RIRs enables anyone to make projections of future address consumption based on past trends in address consumption. The NRO invites Member States to use the data summarized in the table below, which shows trends in address space consumption on a per-economy basis over the past four years.

The NRO notes that as IPv6 adoption has historically been slow, Member States may wish to base their projections on a synthesis of both IPv6 and IPv4 consumption trends.

It is also important to note that future growth in IP allocations cannot simply be assessed by using projections based on past growth. New Internet applications and increased Internet penetration rates can result in exponential growth of allocations, while deployment of private IP addresses behind firewalls can result in slowed growth.

Information to assist in interpreting the table on the following pages

To make best use of the data, the NRO recommends that you read the notes below in conjunction with the data.

Economy ISO 3166-1 currently recognizes 246 different economies. The RIRs use this list for registering allocations and assignments in their whois databases. In addition to the officially recognized codes, the RIRs also use 2 regional designations: Asia Pacific and European Union. This table does not include a calculation for economies that received IP address space directly from the RIRs after 31 December 2008. For economies that have received address space from RIRs after this date, or for economies that have chosen to obtain address space from an upstream provider, please contact your local RIR for more information to help you calculate future IP address consumption trends.
Total address holdings This data includes the total number of IPv6 /64s that were delegated to each economy as appear in the daily statistics files produced by the RIRs by the cut-off dates shown.
% increase 2007-2008 As there is not a full set of data available yet for the year 2009, the percentage increase looks at the increase over the previous two full years of data, 2007 and 2008.

For economies that have experienced a change from no IPv4 addresses in 2007 to having IPv6 addresses in 2008, it is not possible to calculate a percentage increase. In such cases, the table below shows “NA” (not applicable).

The NRO suggests that, as Internet penetration rates have been increasing more rapidly in the past few years, Member States should consider placing greater weight on the trends for the last year or two, rather than earlier data trends.

Trends in IPv6 allocations, 2005-2008
Total address holdings (measured in units of /64)
Economy
31 Dec 2005
31 Dec 2006
31 Dec 2007
31 Dec 2008
% increase 2007-2008
Aaland Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Albania 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Algeria 0 0 0 4,294,967,296 NA
American Samoa 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Andorra 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Angola 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Anguilla 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Antarctica 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Antigua & Barbuda 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Argentina 120,259,084,288 128,849,018,880 146,028,953,600 163,208,822,784 11.76%
Armenia 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 12,884,901,888 50.00%
Aruba 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Australia 17,635,672,981,504 17,635,673,047,040 35,257,923,862,528 35,361,003,405,312 0.29%
Austria 84,825,669,632 97,710,571,520 110,595,473,408 166,430,048,256 50.49%
Azerbaijan 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Bahamas 0 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Bahrain 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Bangladesh 0 4,294,967,296 17,179,869,184 25,769,869,312 50.00%
Barbados 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Belarus 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Belgium 23,085,580,288 35,970,482,176 53,150,351,360 83,215,253,504 56.57%
Belize 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Benin 0 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Bermuda 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Bhutan 0 0 0 4,294,967,296 NA
Bolivia 4,294,967,296 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 0.00%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 4,294,967,296 8,589,934,592 100.00%
Botswana 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Bouvet Island 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Brazil 0 0 0 282,299,610,431,488 NA
British Indian Ocean Territory 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Brunei 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Bulgaria 12,884,967,424 12,884,967,424 21,474,902,016 42,949,738,496 100.00%
Burkina Faso 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Burundi 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Cambodia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Cameroon 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Canada 81,604,378,624 98,785,034,240 154,621,247,488 201,867,526,144 30.56%
Cape Verde 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Cayman Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Central African Rep. 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Chad 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Chile 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 30,064,771,072 38,654,771,200 28.57%
China 73,014,509,568 111,669,280,768 133,144,117,248 244,813,266,944 83.87%
Christmas Island 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Colombia 0 8,589,934,592 21,474,902,016 34,359,803,904 60.00%
Comoros 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Congo 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Cook Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Costa Rica 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 8,589,934,592 25,769,803,776 200.00%
Cote d’Ivoire 0 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Croatia 8,590,000,128 8,590,000,128 8,590,000,128 17,179,934,720 100.00%
Cuba 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 17,179,869,184 33.33%
Cyprus 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 17,179,869,184 100.00%
Czech Republic 53,150,285,824 61,740,285,952 91,805,057,024 169,114,468,352 84.21%
Denmark 27,380,482,048 27,380,482,048 48,855,318,528 87,510,024,192 79.12%
Djibouti 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Dominica 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Dominican Republic 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 0.00%
East Timor 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Ecuador 0 4,294,967,296 8,589,934,592 12,884,967,424 50.00%
Egypt 4,294,967,296 12,884,901,888 17,179,869,184 21,474,836,480 25.00%
El Salvador 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Equatorial Guinea 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Eritrea 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Estonia 18,790,547,456 31,675,514,880 31,675,514,880 35,970,482,176 13.56%
Ethiopia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Falkland Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Faroe Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Fiji 0 0 4,295,032,832 4,295,032,832 0.00%
Finland 49,392,254,976 53,687,222,272 53,687,222,272 66,572,124,160 24.00%
France 35,300,873,273,344 35,335,233,011,712 35,369,592,750,080 35,721,780,199,424 1.00%
French Guiana 0 0 0 0 0.00%
French Polynesia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
French Southern and Antarctic Lands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Gabon 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Gambia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Georgia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Germany 39,921,721,344,000 41,068,477,743,104 41,446,434,996,224 41,742,787,805,184 0.72%
Ghana 0 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Gibraltar 0 0 0 4,294,967,296 NA
Greece 1,610,612,736 1,610,612,736 10,200,547,328 18,790,547,456 84.21%
Greenland 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Grenada 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Guadeloupe 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Guam 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Guatemala 4,294,967,296 8,589,934,592 17,179,869,184 17,179,869,184 0.00%
Guernsey 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Guinea 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Guinea-Bissau 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Guyana 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Haiti 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Heard Island and McDonald Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Honduras 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Hong Kong 21,474,836,481 30,064,771,073 38,654,705,665 64,424,574,977 66.67%
Hungary 10,200,612,864 18,790,547,456 27,380,482,048 53,150,285,824 94.12%
Iceland 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 12,884,901,888 25,769,803,776 100.00%
India 47,244,640,256 60,129,542,144 60,129,607,680 85,899,411,456 42.86%
Indonesia 25,769,934,848 51,539,738,624 68,719,607,808 85,899,542,528 25.00%
Iran, Islamic Rep. 25,769,803,776 25,769,803,776 34,359,738,368 47,244,640,256 37.50%
Iraq 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Ireland 24,696,127,488 54,760,898,560 71,940,767,744 97,710,571,520 35.82%
Isle of Man 0 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Israel 17,179,869,184 17,179,869,184 17,179,934,720 21,474,902,016 25.00%
Italy 120,796,151,808 17,717,277,163,520 17,743,046,967,296 17,837,536,247,808 0.53%
Jamaica 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Japan 31,204,548,083,714 31,217,432,985,602 35,636,954,398,722 35,735,738,974,210 0.28%
Jersey 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Jordan 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Kazakhstan 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Kenya 0 4,294,967,296 4,295,032,832 17,180,000,256 300.00%
Kiribati 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Korea, Rep. 17,802,639,507,457 22,269,405,495,297 22,295,175,299,073 22,325,240,070,145 0.13%
Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Kyrgyzstan 0 0 0 4,294,967,296 NA
Laos 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Latvia 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 12,884,901,888 21,474,836,480 66.67%
Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Lesotho 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Liberia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Libya 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Liechtenstein 0 0 0 8,589,934,592 NA
Lithuania 5,905,580,032 5,905,580,032 5,905,580,032 10,200,612,864 72.73%
Luxembourg 18,790,547,456 18,790,547,456 27,380,482,048 48,855,318,528 78.43%
Macau 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 0.00%
Macedonia 0 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Madagascar 0 0 0 4,294,967,296 NA
Malawi 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Malaysia 34,359,738,368 47,244,640,256 60,129,542,144 73,014,509,568 21.43%
Maldives 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Mali 0 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Malta 4,294,967,296 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 0.00%
Marshall Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Martinique 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Mauritania 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Mauritius 0 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 17,179,869,184 100.00%
Mayotte 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Mexico 38,654,705,664 47,244,640,256 47,244,640,256 55,834,574,848 18.18%
Micronesia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Moldova 0 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Monaco 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 8,589,934,592 100.00%
Mongolia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Montenegro 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Montserrat 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Morocco 4,294,967,296 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 0.00%
Mozambique 0 0 0 4,294,967,296 NA
Myanmar 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Namibia 0 0 0 65,536 NA
Nauru 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Nepal 0 0 0 4,294,967,296 NA
Netherlands 2,385,854,595,072 2,394,444,529,664 2,437,394,202,624 2,583,423,156,224 5.99%
Netherlands Antilles 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 12,885,098,496 200.00%
New Caledonia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
New Zealand 34,359,869,440 55,834,705,920 73,014,837,248 124,554,575,872 70.59%
Nicaragua 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 8,589,934,592 100.00%
Niger 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Nigeria 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Niue 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Norfolk Island 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Northern Mariana Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Norway 1,139,777,011,712 1,144,071,979,008 1,165,546,815,488 1,234,266,357,760 5.90%
Oman 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Pakistan 4,294,967,296 17,179,869,184 21,474,836,480 30,064,771,072 40.00%
Palau 0 0 0 4,294,967,296 NA
Palestine 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Panama 4,294,967,296 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 0.00%
Papua New Guinea 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Paraguay 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Peru 21,474,836,480 21,474,836,480 25,769,803,776 30,064,771,072 16.67%
Philippines 21,474,836,480 30,064,771,072 34,359,738,368 51,539,607,552 50.00%
Pitcairn 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Poland 84,825,604,096 8,889,508,560,896 8,966,817,972,224 9,001,177,776,128 0.38%
Portugal 35,970,482,176 44,560,416,768 44,560,416,768 61,740,285,952 38.55%
Puerto Rico 0 65,536 65,536 65,536 0.00%
Qatar 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Reunion 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Romania 21,474,836,480 21,474,836,480 21,474,836,480 34,359,738,368 60.00%
Russia 24,696,127,488 33,286,062,080 80,530,702,336 222,264,623,104 176.00%
Rwanda 0 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Samoa 0 0 0 0 0.00%
San Marino 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Sao Tome and Principe 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Saudi Arabia 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 0.00%
Senegal 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Serbia 0 0 0 4,294,967,296 NA
Serbia and Montenegro 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 12,884,901,888 17,179,869,184 33.33%
Seychelles 0 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Sierra Leone 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Singapore 25,769,803,776 25,769,803,776 30,064,771,072 64,424,640,512 114.29%
Slovakia 8,590,000,128 17,179,934,720 25,769,934,848 34,359,869,440 33.33%
Slovenia 12,884,901,888 17,179,869,184 17,179,869,184 38,654,771,200 125.00%
Solomon Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Somalia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
South Africa 8,589,934,592 30,064,771,072 55,834,836,992 64,425,361,408 15.39%
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Spain 61,740,285,952 83,215,122,432 83,215,122,432 108,984,926,208 30.97%
Sri Lanka 0 0 4,294,967,296 8,590,000,128 100.00%
St Helena 0 0 0 0 0.00%
St Kitts & Nevis 0 0 0 0 0.00%
St Lucia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
St Pierre and Miquelon 0 0 0 0 0.00%
St Vincent 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Sudan 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Suriname 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Svalbard and Jan Mayen 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Swaziland 0 0 0 4,294,967,296 NA
Sweden 71,940,898,816 84,825,931,776 114,890,768,384 729,071,157,248 534.58%
Switzerland 233,539,043,328 255,013,945,344 280,783,749,120 418,222,702,592 48.95%
Syria 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Taiwan 485,331,369,984 9,637,906,677,760 9,917,079,552,000 9,917,079,552,000 0.00%
Tajikistan 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Tanzania 0 8,589,934,592 8,590,000,128 12,884,967,424 50.00%
Thailand 30,064,771,072 38,654,705,664 55,834,640,384 68,719,607,808 23.08%
Timor-Leste 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Togo 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Tokelau 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Tonga 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Trinidad and Tobago 0 4,294,967,296 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 0.00%
Tunisia 0 0 0 4,294,967,296 NA
Turkey 12,884,901,888 17,179,869,184 30,064,771,072 73,014,444,032 142.86%
Turkmenistan 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Turks and Caicos Is 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Tuvalu 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Uganda 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Ukraine 0 4,294,967,296 8,589,934,592 51,539,607,552 500.00%
United Arab Emirates 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 12,884,901,888 200.00%
United Kingdom 362,925,326,337 423,054,868,481 4,932,770,660,353 5,091,684,450,305 3.22%
United States 627,068,370,944 837,523,734,528 1,378,733,654,016 63,561,341,272,064 4510.12%
Uruguay 8,589,934,592 8,589,934,592 77,309,411,328 81,604,640,768 5.56%
US Minor Outlying Islands 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Uzbekistan 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Vanuatu 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Vatican City 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Venezuela 17,179,869,184 25,769,803,776 55,834,574,848 60,129,542,144 7.69%
Vietnam 8,590,000,128 8,590,000,128 17,179,934,720 42,950,787,072 150.01%
Virgin Islands, British 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Virgin Islands, US 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Wallis & Futuna 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Western Sahara 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Yemen 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Zambia 0 0 0 0 0.00%
Zimbabwe 0 0 4,294,967,296 4,294,967,296 0.00%
Asia Pacific 0 68,719,476,736 77,309,411,328 90,196,672,512 16.67%
European Union 26,419,417,841,664 26,423,712,874,496 26,436,597,841,920 26,445,187,776,512 0.03%

Question 7. What, if any, facilities are present in your country, to encourage IPv6 deployment?

The NRO finds this to be an ambiguous question that is therefore difficult to answer. The NRO invites Member States to ask TSB to clarify what it intends Member States to interpret as “facilities”.

Question 8. What would you expect requirements to be in your country in terms of equipment necessary for the transition from IPv4 to IPv6?

The NRO would like to clarify that because the transition from IPv4 to IPv6 will take up to 20 years to complete, there will be a long period where both IPv4-only and IPv4/IPv6 networks will continue to exist. Timelines for the migration to IPv6 will vary significantly depending on the strategy network operators in each economy find most appropriate for their circumstances. Therefore, there will be a continuous scale of requirements, from networks that do not need to make any equipment changes now, to networks choosing to make those changes now, to networks that can simply buy IPv6-compatible equipment as part of the natural replacement cycle.

Question 9. What would you expect the cost to be of that equipment?

As noted above, this will be a very difficult question for Member States to answer as it depends on the strategy, or combination of strategies, best suited for the networks in their economy.

Question 10. Do you consider that you have adequate information on IP address allocation and registration policies and mechanisms?

All RIRs provide free and unfettered access to all IP address allocation and registration policies from their websites. Documents are also often available in multiple languages. The RIRs have a long and consistent history of engaging governments to help them understand how IP address management systems work and how stakeholders can participate in the open and transparent policy making processes that develop the allocation policies. The NRO invites Member States to visit the RIR websites linked from the NRO website at:

http://www.nro.net

The NRO also invites Member States to make use of the NRO as a single point of contact for all five RIRs and to contact the NRO if they are unsure which RIR is allocating address space to networks in their economy.

nro@nro.net

Question 11. If you answered “no” to question 10 above, indicate what additional information would be useful for you:

Given the transparency of the RIR system and the RIRs’ engagement with Member States through not only the RIR system, but also through other forums such as the ITU, the IGF and the OECD, the RIRs are confident that any Member State with an interest in IP address distribution has ample opportunity to find any information it needs on allocation, registration, and associated IP addressing issues.

5) What are, to the best of your knowledge, the real or perceived barriers to IPv6 uptake, (for example, institutional barriers, cost of equipment, cost of training, current allocation policy, etc)?

In 2008, ARIN conducted a worldwide survey on IPv6 that asked a very similar question. The responses received to that survey have been summarized below. The full survey by ARIN and CAIDA can be found at:

http://www.getipv6.info/index.php/IPv6_Penetration_Survey_Results

ARIN and CAIDA IPv6 2008 survey question: Comment on what has been (or will be) the biggest hurdle(s) to your organization deploying IPv6
Barrier % response
Dual support for IPv4 and IPv6 at the application level 49.4%
Cost of new hardware 27.0%
Vendor support – routers 26.8%
Vendor support – firewalls 23.5%
Vendor support – OS 14.4%
Vendor support – host applications 16.7%
Vendor support – server applications 21.9%
Problems with legacy network system 25.2%
Problems with legacy applications 28.1%
Lack of support from transit providers 36.0%
Lack of support from end users 29.6%
Multi-home problems 14.7%
Lack of IPv6 expertise 44.8%
Other 8.6%

6) What specific information would you expect to find on the ITU web site that will be created pursuant to WTSA Resolution 64?

It would be useful for the ITU website to contain links to existing good sources of IPv6 information, such as RIR and ISOC websites. Links to IPv6 resources in languages other than English would also be valuable. The ITU website should also contain links to information on IPv6 activities by economy, to assist Member States benchmark activities that are conducive to IPv6 adoption. 7) If you have any additional comments, please write them in below, or in an additional page.

In January and February this year, APNIC conducted a survey of IPv6 readiness of organizations in the Asia Pacific. Member states from the Asia Pacific may find it useful to review the results on pages 36-45 of:
http://www.apnic.net/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/6026/2009-survey-report.pdf

ISOC has also conducted a recent survey on IPv6 deployment experiences, the results of which are documented in this summary:
http://www.isoc.org/pubs/2009-IPv6-OrgMember-Report.pdf

# As Christmas Island is a territory of Australia, IPv4 addresses assigned to the island appear under the resources delegated to Australia in the daily statistics files produced by APNIC.

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