What is the NRO?
The Number Resource Organization (NRO) is a coordinating body for the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) that manage the distribution of Internet number resources including IP addresses and Autonomous System Numbers. Each RIR consists of the Internet community in its region.
History of the NRO
On 24 October 2003, the four existing RIRs – APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, and RIPE NCC – entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with ICANN to form the NRO. Once AFRINIC was incorporated in April 2005 it signed the MoU and joined the NRO.
On 31 October 2003, the RIRs delivered an Open Letter to ICANN advising of the formation of the NRO. The letter included a copy of the NRO MoU and a proposed MoU to form a new ICANN Address Supporting Organization (ASO).
The main aims of the NRO are to:
- Protect the unallocated Internet number resource pool
- Promote and protect the bottom-up policy development process
- Act as a focal point for Internet community input into the RIR system
The NRO takes on several joint activities on behalf of the RIRs, including technical projects such as Resource Certification, as well as other projects, including global statistics reports, Internet governance activities, and global policy coordination.
The chief executives of the five RIRs comprise the Executive Council (EC) of the NRO, with EC positions rotating annually.
2013 Executive Council positions:
- Chairman: Paul Wilson (APNIC)
- Secretary: Adiel Akplogan (AFRINIC)
- Treasurer: Axel Pawlik (RIPE NCC)
- Members: Raúl Echeberría (LACNIC), John Curran (ARIN)
In April 2013 The NRO appointed a permanent NRO Executive Secretary with the purpose to keep a consistent support to ASO and NRO activities and goals.
- Executive Secretary: German Valdez (email@example.com)
NRO Number Council (NRO NC)
The NRO also acts as the ICANN Address Supporting Organization (ASO), formed to review and develop recommendations on IP address policy and to advise the ICANN Board. An elected body called the NRO Number Council (NRO NC) serves as the ASO Address Council (ASO AC), overseeing recommendations on IP address policy, including the management of policy development activities, and appoint members to the ICANN Board of Directors.